Golden Poison Dart Frog (Phyllobates terribilis):
Golden Poison Frog is probably the Worlds most Dangerous & Poisonous frog on the planet. Other poison dart frogs are far less toxic than the golden poison frog.
Poison produced by this Frog is called Batrachotoxin. It causes paralysis and death when it enters the bloodstream, even in minuscule amounts.
The average length of a Adult Golden Poisen frog is about 5.5 cm, and is found in the rainforest with high rain rates (5m+ per year), altitudes between 100 and 200 m, temperatures of at least 26 °C, and relative humidity of 80–90%. Geographic location of this frog is Pacific coast of Colombia in the Cauca and Valle del Cauca Departments.
The eggs are laid on the ground; the males transport the tadpoles to permanent pools.
This frog is very important frog to the local indigenous cultures, such as the Choco Emberá people in Colombia’s rain forest. The frog is the main source of the poison in the darts used by the natives to hunt their food.
A single Golden Poison frog is capable enough to poison & kill 10 Adult humans.
DYK: The skin of an adult P. terribilis has enough batrachotoxin to kill 20,000 mice, or 100 adult humans.
P. terribilis is one of the most poisonous animals on earth. The poison (batrachotoxin) that P. terribilis produces contains toxins that dull the nerves and produce heart and repiratory failure. The skin of an adult P. terribilis has enough batrachotoxin to kill 20,000 mice, or 100 adult humans. Two-tenths of a microgram of batrachotoxin is lethal in the human blood stream and each adult P. terribilis contains nearly 200 micrograms. According to recent research, P. terribilis may obtain its poison by eating a small beetle from the family, Melyridae. Embre and Choco Indians from Colombia use the poison secreted from the skin of P. terribilis, as well as of other poison dart frogs, to poison their blowgun darts. The darts are wiped over the backs of poison dart frogs after heating them over a fire. The heat causes the poison to moisten the back and becomes easily accessible. Once a dart is poisoned, it remains lethal for up to two years. These darts can be used by the Indians as an easy way to catch small prey. Also much medical research is being done with the alkaloid toxin, batrachotoxin. Researchers are trying to develop muscle relaxants, heart stimulants, and anesthetics from it. It has the potential to be a far better anesthetic than morphine.